Investigation and Treatment

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Investigation and Treatment

Post by Admin on Mon Aug 29, 2016 9:11 am

Duration of Viral Bronchitis, Feline Asthma, Investigation

Is quite common for cats to present to veterinary clinics with a chronic cough or wheeze. The problem may be constant or just recur from time to time, and can range from mild to severe. Clinically the disease may resemble human asthma, but the term feline asthma can be misleading as there are a number of different possible causes. Here we look at what those underlying causes can be, and the different forms of treatment available to affected cats.


Bronchoscopy Bronchoscopy allows visualization of the larger airways, and assessment for increased mucus and inflammation. 4. Tracheal wash This involves injecting a small amount of saline into the trachea and immediately withdrawing it, and then examining the cells and debris harvested under a microscope. Perhaps you may not have been interested in what are the real causes of bronchitis?. In that case, please don't spread this feedback around! Evil or Very Mad


Lung Biopsy

This is an invasive procedure that carries a significant risk to the patient. It is only indicated where diffuse cancer or extensive fibrosis is suspected, or in severe disease that responds poorly to treatment. Perfection has been achieved in this article on Infectious Bronchitis. There is hardly any matter left from this article that is worth mentioning.Perfection has been achieved in this article on Infectious Bronchitis. There is hardly any matter left from this article that is worth mentioning.

Aerosol therapy has the advantage that the maximum concentration of drug is delivered to the target site. This means that lower overall doses can be used, and the cat is less likely to suffer the negative side effects of steroids. Various inhalers can be used in both cats and dogs, but they tend to be designed for humans. As a result, higher doses are given compared with human medicine, as humans can be instructed to breathe deeply whereas cats will breathe normally at best. We consider that we have only touched the perimeter of information available on Infectious Bronchitis. There is still a lot more to be learnt! Surprised.



  • Treatment The aims of treatment are as follows. 1.
  • Eliminate any suspected infectious agents.
  • This may be a sufficiently long course of antibiotics if bacterial infection is suspected, or a wormer such as fenbendazole if lungworm is suspected.
  • The Differentials There are a large number of possible diagnoses when a cat first presents with coughing or breathing difficulty.
  • Here are some of the more important ones: Idea



The Pathology

Little is known about the underlying causes or exacerbating factors in feline asthma. There may be an element of genetic predisposition. While chronic inhalation of airway irritants, such as smoking, has been shown to cause bronchitis in humans, this has not been studied in detail in cats. Likewise, allergens such augustana college, housedust mites, dander, fungal spores, dust and cat litter could all be implicated theoretically. Idea




Cats Usually Present With One or All the Following Signs:

CoughingWheezingDifficulty breathing A minority of cases will have the classic human status asthmaticus, rapid onset breathing difficulty due to severe narrowing of the bronchi. Cats tend to be middle aged or older, and Siamese cats may be more prone than other breeds. If there is the slightest possibility of you not getting to understand the matter that is written here on Infectious Bronchitis, we have some advice to be given. Use a dictionary! Very Happy.

Glucocorticoid drugs (steroids) used in inhalers include Beclometasone, Fluticasone and Budesonide. Beclometasone is cheap, but is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream when you want it to hang around in the area where it applied. Fluticasone is more expensive, but tends to stay where you want it to. Budesonide is relatively inexpensive and though it is easily absorbed into the bloodstream, it tends to be removed the first time it goes through the liver.

Remove or Avoid Airway Irritants

The most obvious one is ensuring the cat has no contact with cigarette smoke, and purchasing dust free cat litter. This article serves as a representative for the meaning chronic bronchitis picture the library of knowledge. Let it represent knowledge well. Very Happy.



  • Radiography The next test performed is usually thoracic radiography.
  • This is best performed under general anesthetic so there is lee chance for motion blur, though in acute situations this is not possible.
  • This is where the most meaningful information can be gained. Evil or Very Mad



Bronchodilator drugs used in inhalers include Salbutamol and Salmeterol. Salbutamol is very fast acting and therefore useful in a crisis caused by spasm of the bronchi. However, it only lasts for about 30 minutes and is therefore unsuitable for chronic therapy as frequent dosing is required. Salmeterol on the other hand is longer acting, and lasts for about 12 hours so twice daily dosing is possible. Salmeterol is better for long term control of mild to moderate asthma while Salbutamol is better for relief of acute bronchospasm. Laughing

Bronchoalveolar Lavage

This is similar to the technique described above, but the catheter is inserted all the way into a lower airway before the saline is injected and withdrawn. This is therefore a good test for lower airway disease. Slang is one thing that has not been included in this composition on Bronchitis. It is because slang only induces bad English, and loses the value of English. Wink

Diagnosis 1. Clinical examination The first step in the diagnostic protocol is a thorough clinical examination by a veterinarian. This should localize the origin of the disease to the upper airways, lower airways or pleural space. If the cat is found to have pleural disease, a needle may be inserted straight away to remove either air or a sample of the effusion for both diagnosis and short term treatment of the respiratory distress.

Removal or Avoidance of Potential Allergens

House dust mite allergy must be excluded by spraying the house with an acaricidal product. 4. Chronic therapy for the underlying condition. For long term treatment of cats with feline asthma, a combination of steroids and bronchodilators are a popular choice. Steroids reduce the inflammation and lower mucus production, and can limit long term consequences such as fibrosis. Bronchodilators are most useful when there is airway spasm. Traditionally, medication has been given orally via tablets, but over the last few years, metered dose inhalers such as the ones used for human asthma have come on the market. We needed lots of concentration while writing on Infectious Bronchitis as the matter we had collected was very specific and important.

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